Words of The Month – June 2017

Words of The Month – June 2017

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List of all words, that needed me to look in dictionary while reading 21 editorials. I have arranged them in alphabetical order for my ease. The related editorials can be accessed from the links below.  Some words are super easy in terms of general use, though the contextual meaning is different from what I knew, found it worth listing here.

These were total of 489 words, out of which 70 were repeating.

  1. A foregone conclusion(phrase) –  predictable result, predictable outcome, inevitability.
  2. Abet(verb) – encourage, support, assist/help.
  3. Abstinence(noun) – self-restraint, self-denial; refraining.
  4. Accommodative(adjective) – accommodating, cooperative.
  5. Accord(noun) – treaty, agreement, settlement/deal.
  6. Accountable(adjective) – responsible, liable, answerable.
  7. Actualise(verb) – fulfil, achieve, accomplish.
  8. Ad hocism(noun) – actions/measures to deal with specific & urgent issues/situations only.
  9. Adhereto (verb) – abide by, comply with, stand by.
  10. Adherence(noun) – commitment, attachment, devotion/bonding.
  11. Adjudicate(verb) – judge, adjudge, give/declare a verdict (on a disputed matter).
  12. Affluent(adjective) – wealthy, rich, well to do.
  13. Agglomeration(noun) – collection, mass, assemblage.
  14. Aggravate(verb) – intensify, increase; worsen/compound.
  15. Alarming(adjective) – worrying, disturbing, troubling.
  16. Albeit(conjunction) – though, even though, however.
  17. Amid(preposition) – in the middle of, surrounded by, among/amongst.
  18. Angst(noun) – anxiety, fear/wary, apprehension.
  19. Apprehension(noun) – worry, concern, disquiet/unease.
  20. Approbation(noun) – approval, praise, assent.
  21. Arbitration(noun) – adjudication, mediation, conciliation/peacemaking.
  22. Arriveat (verb) – achieve, attain, reach (a decision).
  23. Arterialroad (adjective) – an important/principal (road/route).
  24. Articulate(verb) – express, communicate, make public/announce.
  25. As a last resort(phrase) – a final course of action when all else has failed.
  26. Assuage(verb) – ease, alleviate, subdue.
  27. Asymmetry(noun) – non-uniformity, unevenness, lack of equality.
  28. At stake(phrase) – at risk /in question.
  29. August(adjective) – distinguished, respected, prestigious.
  30. Austere(adjective) – simple, modest, subdued.
  31. Awash(adjective) – inundated, flooded, swamped.
  32. Backing(noun) – help, support, assistance/aid.
  33. Balance sheet(noun) – a statement that shows the financial condition of a company at a particular point in time.
  34. Be clothed with(verb) – provide, furnish, endow (a particular quality).
  35. Be ground in(verb) – build, establish, set.
  36. Be on firm ground(phrase) – be sure of one’s aspects or safe in a position.
  37. Be swathed in (verb) – wrap, envelop, cover.
  38. Bilateral(adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  39. Bind(noun) – predicament, awkward/difficult situation, quandary.
  40. Bloc(noun) – alliance, group, federation/union.
  41. Bolster(verb) – strengthen, support, reinforce/boost.
  42. Bonhomie(noun) – friendliness, warmth, geniality/affability.
  43. Bootleg(verb) – illegal, illicit, unlawful.
  44. Bully(noun) – persecutor, oppressor, browbeater/intimidator.
  45. Bump up(phrasal verb) – make larger, increase, raise.
  46. By no stretch of the imagination(phrase) – used to highlight that something is definitely not the case/point.
  47. Bygone(adjective) – past, former/earlier, gone by.
  48. Calibrated (adjective) –  carefully assessed/modified/regulated.
  49. Call for(phrasal verb) – demand, require, necessitate/make necessary.
  50. Call out(phrasal verb) – summon someone to do an emergency work.
  51. Calumnious(adjective) – relating to defamation of character, character assassination, misrepresentation.
  52. Catapult(verb) – hurry, rush, propel.
  53. Categorically(adverb) – explicitly, directly, out-rightly/definitely.
  54. Cease(verb) – stop, conclude, terminate.
  55. Cereal(noun) – food grains (rice, wheat, millet, maize & etc).
  56. Champion(noun) – advocate, proponent, supporter.
  57. Charisma(noun) – presence, personality/individuality, strength of character.
  58. Chart(verb) – follow, outline, describe/detail.
  59. Chasten(verb) – subdue, humble, flatten.
  60. Chauvinism(noun) – excessive support, excessive loyalty (for a particular group/cause/sex).
  61. Circumvent(verb) – bypass, avoid, dodge.
  62. Civic(adjective) – (relating to) municipal, city, town.
  63. Clip(verb) – remove, cut out, detach.
  64. Clutch(noun) – group, set, collection.
  65. Codify(verb) – systematize, systemize, organize/arrange.
  66. Coercion(noun) – force, compulsion, demand/insistence.
  67. Collegium system(noun) – the collegium system is the one in which the chief justice of india and a forum of four senior most judges of the supreme court recommend appointments & transfers of judges. There is no mention of the collegium in the constitution of india.
  68. Come up with(phrasal verb) – produce, propose, introduce.
  69. Commons(noun) – central area/section of (usually an older) town, designated as a shared area, a common land or resources belonging to the whole of a community.
  70. Complywith (verb) – abide by, adhere to, follow/respect.
  71. Concede(verb) – allow, grant, recognize.
  72. Concomitant(adjective) – associated, related, connected.
  73. Confer(verb) – grant to, give to, bestow on.
  74. Consortium(noun) – union, league, syndicate/corporation. Consortia is a plural form of consortium.
  75. Constrain(verb) – restrict, limit, restrain.
  76. Contour(noun) – outline, shape, form.
  77. Conventional energy(noun) – non-renewable energy; sources such as oil, gas, coal & etc.
  78. Convergence(noun) – the process of converging; intersection, interchange.
  79. Counter-intuitive(adjective) – opposite to/against common sense expectation.
  80. Counterpart(noun) – a person who serves the same job/function but in a different location; equivalent.
  81. Coup(noun) – success, triumph, master stroke.
  82. Credible(adjective) – convincing, acceptable; reasonable.
  83. Culminate(verb) – come to a climax; come to an end with, terminate with.
  84. Culmination(noun) – climaxpeak, pinnacle.
  85. Cumbersome(adjective) – complicated, complex; awkward/hard to deal with.
  86. Curb(verb) – check, restraint, control.
  87. Curtail(verb) – reduce, cut down decrease/lessen.
  88. Curtail(verb) – reduce, decrease; restrict.
  89. Cut off(phrasal verb) – block, prevent, interrupt.
  90. Debts(noun) – bill, financial obligation, outstanding payment.
  91. Decree(noun) – order, dictum, fiat.
  92. Defame(verb) – malign, tarnish, discredit.
  93. Defaulter (noun) – a person who is (purposefully) not repaying banks/lenders’ debt on time for various reasons.
  94. Deflation(noun) – decline, setback, reduction of pricing.
  95. Deliberate(adjective) – intentional, calculated, pre-planned/thought out.
  96. Departurefrom (noun) – deviation/divergence, variation, change.
  97. Deploy(verb) – use, utilize, employ.
  98. Depressed(adjective) – poor, disadvantaged, deprived.
  99. Diaspora(noun) – the dispersion or spread of the people from their homeland.
  100. Diminish(verb) – decrease, lessen, reduce.
  101. Discrimination(noun) – prejudice, bigotry, intolerance/inequity.
  102. Disdainful(adjective) – contemptuous, scornful, full of contempt.
  103. Disguised(adjective) – concealed, hidden, camouflaged.
  104. Disown(verb) – renounce, reject, deny.
  105. Dispensation(noun) – system/regime; administration/government;
  106. Disregard(verb) – ignore, dismiss, set aside.
  107. Dissident(noun) – objector, protester, disputant.
  108. Divulge(verb) – disclose, reveal, make known.
  109. Doldrums(noun) – a state or period of inactivity, stagnation, sluggish.
  110. Domino effect(noun) – domino effect or chain reaction is the cumulative effect produced when one event sets off a chain of similar events.
  111. Dovetail(verb) – joint, join, fit/link (together).
  112. Downstream(petroleum industry) (noun) –  the industry which does refining of petroleum crude oil and the processing and purifying of raw natural gas, as well as the marketing and distribution of products derived from crude oil and natural gas.
  113. Downturn(noun) – setbacks, upsets, reverses/reversals.
  114. Draw up(phrasal verb) – formulate, prepare, write out.
  115. Draw(verb) – invite, attract, engage.
  116. Earmark(verb) – designate, assign, reserve.
  117. Embrace(noun) – welcome, approval, adoption.
  118. Embroil(verb) – involve, entangle, catch up.
  119. Empower(verb) – authorize, entitle, permit.
  120. Enforce(verb) – force, compel, demand/insist on.
  121. Enlightened(adjective) – wise, well-informed, learned.
  122. Entrepreneurship(noun) – the process/activity of setting up a business.
  123. Epitomise(verb) – symbolize, represent, illustrate.
  124. Erstwhile(adjective) – old,  previous, former.
  125. Ethnic(adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  126. Expedite(verb) – speed up, accelerate, quicken.
  127. Expeditiously(adverb) – quickly and efficiently.
  128. Exploit(verb) – utilize, make use of, use.
  129. Exploratory(adjective) – investigative, explorative, probing/fact-finding.
  130. Eyeball-to-eyeball(idiom) – face to face or direct (argument).
  131. Facilitate(verb) – enable, assist, help.
  132. Faction(noun) – a small group, section, division (of dissenter within a large group).
  133. Faction(noun) – group, group, bloc/wing.
  134. Fallout(noun) – adverse results; repercussions, after-effects.
  135. Fiasco(noun) – failure, disaster, catastrophe.
  136. Fine-grained(adjective) – involving great attention to detail.
  137. Fire sale(noun) – selling materials at a low price when there is a (financial) difficulty for the seller.
  138. Flag(verb) – indicate,  identify, point out.
  139. Flare-up(noun) – eruption, outbreak, outburst.
  140. Flip-flop(noun) – a sudden reversal of something, particularly a policy/plan.
  141. Follow suit(phrase) – emulate, copy, follow.
  142. Foresee(verb) – anticipate, predict, expect.
  143. Forge(verb) – build, construct, create.
  144. Forge(verb) – form, create, establish.
  145. Framework(noun) – scheme, system, organization.
  146. From farm to fork(idiom) – food chain from (agricultural) produce to food (on the table).
  147. Front burner(noun) – the focus of attention.
  148. Frontier(noun) – limit, boundary, border/side/edge.
  149. Fuel(verb) – stimulate, encourage, intensify (an intense feeling).
  150. Further(verb) – promote, advance, forward/stimulate.
  151. Garner(verb) – gather, collect, accumulate.
  152. Germane(adjective) – relevant, pertinent; appropriate; related
  153. Glaring(adjective) – obvious, blatant, flagrant.
  154. Grave(adjective) – serious, severe; terrible/awful.
  155. Ground(noun) – reason, cause, factor.
  156. Grudge(verb) – feel resentful, envy, be angry about.
  157. Hallowed(adjective) – holy, sacred; revered/worshipped.
  158. Handicapped(adjective) – hampered, impeded;  restricted/obstructed.
  159. Hardline(adjective) – strict, tough, extreme.
  160. Haste(noun) – speed, hurry, swiftness/rapidity.
  161. Haul(verb) – drag, pull/draw, p
  162. Heat map(noun) – a representation of data in which  colours used to represent data values.
  163. Hold(noun) – influence, power, control.
  164. Holistic(adjective) – relating to the whole/complete/entire factors; comprehensive, full, total.
  165. Holistically(adverb) – comprehensively, fully, totally/entirely/completely.
  166. Homogenise(verb) –  integrate, merge, combine.
  167. Hooch(noun) – illicit alcohol.
  168. Horizon(noun) – range of experience, outlook, perspective/perception.
  169. Humanity(noun) – compassion, humaneness/kindness, benevolence.
  170. Ill-suited(adjective) – inappropriate, unsuitable.
  171. Impartiality(noun) – fairness; treating all people and groups equally.
  172. Impasse(noun) – deadlock, stalemate, stand-off.
  173. Impeachment(noun) – the act of charging (a public official) with a crime done while in office (courtesy: voa learning english).
  174. Impede(verb) – hinder, prevent, obstruct.
  175. Imperative(noun) – necessary condition, requisite/requirement, necessity.
  176. Implication(noun) – consequence, result, ramification/repercussion.
  177. Implied(adjective) – implicit, indirect, suggested.
  178. In the wake of(phrase) – aftermath, as a consequence of, as a result of.
  179. Inadequacy(noun) – insufficiency, deficiency, scarcity.
  180. Inauguration(noun) – the formal admission of someone to office.
  181. Inclusivity(noun) – the quality of being inclusive without excluding people on grounds of gender, race, class, disability & etc.
  182. Incumbent(noun) – a person who is in office and holds power, functionary, official.
  183. Incur(verb) – sustain, experience, experience/expose oneself to.
  184. Indefensible(adjective) – unjustified, baseless, illogical/irrational.
  185. Indigenous(adjective) – native/local, original, domestic.
  186. Infancy(noun) – beginnings, early days/stages.
  187. Inflationary(adjective) – tending to cause monetary inflation. Inflation (noun) – increase of price level of goods & services & vice versa decrease of currency value.
  188. Insertion(noun) – introduction, placing, positioning.
  189. Insolvency(noun) – failure/collapse;  financial ruin, bankruptcy, indebtedness.
  190. Instinct(noun) – skill, talent, ability.
  191. Insulate(verb) – protect, safeguard, shield/defend.
  192. Intent(noun) – aim, purpose, objective.
  193. Interlocutor(noun) – a person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation.
  194. Intervention(noun) – the action of intervening.
  195. Intractable(adjective) – unmanageable, uncontrollable, ungovernable.
  196. Introspection(noun) – self-observation, broodingself-analysis; contemplation.
  197. Invoke(verb) – evoke, induce, cause.
  198. Invulnerable(adjective) – unattackable, strong, safe.  
  199. Irrigation(noun) – supply of water to farm land to grow crops & plants.
  200. Judicial remedy(noun) – redress, reparation, solution.
  201. Know-how(noun) – knowledge, expertise, skill.
  202. Lackadaisical(adjective) – careless, casual, lazy.
  203. Lacuna(noun) – a gap/empty space; missing part of something.
  204. Largesse(noun) – generosity, liberality, great-heartedness.
  205. Lasting(adjective) – enduring, long-lasting, long-lived.
  206. Lay down(phrasal verb) – formulate, stipulate, frame.
  207. Legacy(noun) – effect/outcome, repercussion, footprint.
  208. Lent (past participle of lend(verb) – add, give, furnish/provide.
  209. Letter and spirit(phrase) – adhering to /obeying both literal interpretation/wording and the spirit/intent/purpose of the law.
  210. Liberalise(verb) – to make something less strict; to provide more freedom in systems.
  211. Liquidate(verb) – close down, wind up/dissolve, terminate.
  212. Loan waiver(noun) – it is the waiving of the real or potential liability of the person or party who has taken out a loan through the voluntary action of the person or party who has made the loan (courtesy: wikipedia).
  213. Locomotor(adjective) – relating to locomotion (locomotion means movement/transit/progress).
  214. Longstanding(adjective) – long-term, persistent, perennial.
  215. Long-winded(adjective) – lengthy, long, overlong/prolonged.
  216. Lose ground(phrase) – retreat or lose (a commanding position/advantage) to become less popular.
  217. Low-hanging fruit(noun) – easily achievable course of actions/tasks to get results very quickly.
  218. Machiavellian(adjective) – devious/tricky, double-dealing, unscrupulous (dishonest).
  219. Magic wand(noun) – a stick that is used to make magic things happen—sometimes used figuratively to the findings of simple solution to a problem.
  220. Maiden(adjective) – first, initial, inaugural.
  221. Make inroad(noun) – conquer, capture, win.
  222. Malpractice (noun) – misconduct, wrongdoing, unprofessionalism.
  223. Manifesto(noun) – policy statement, proclamation, pronouncement.
  224. Maritime(adjective) – of or related to the sea.
  225. Marked(adjective) – noticeable, pronounced, clear/distinct.
  226. Martyr(noun) – a person who displays that he is suffering from/in distress in order to obtain sympathy.
  227. Masquerade(verb) – pretend, impersonate, disguise (oneself as).
  228. Mastery(over) (noun) – control, superiority, domination/command.
  229. Meningitis(noun) – a serious disease in which the protective membranes (meninges) covering the brain and spinal cord infected with most common symptoms like fever, headache, and neck stiffness.
  230. Misconceived(adjective) – misunderstood, misinterpreted, mistaken.
  231. Mitigate(verb) – alleviate, reduce, lessen.
  232. Moot(adjective) – disputed, problematic, unsettled/unresolved.
  233. Mount(verb) – increase, rise, grow/escalate.
  234. Musclepower (noun) – influence, power/force, strength.
  235. Muted(verb) – indistinct, quiet/soft, dull.
  236. Nimble(adjective) – quick, bright, active/fast.
  237. Non-existent(adjective) – not present, not existing, imaginary/unreal.
  238. Non-partisan(adjective) – fair,unbiased, neutral.
  239. Notion(noun) – idea/thought, belief, concept.
  240. Notional(adjective) – not practical, conceptual, theoretical.
  241. Oblige(verb) – compel/force, coerce, pressurize.
  242. Odium(noun) – disgust, disapproval, repulsion.
  243. Offset(verb) – counterbalance, cancel out, neutralize.
  244. Offshore(wind) (adjective) – (wind) blowing towards the sea from the land.
  245. On the face of it(phrase) – apparently, seemingly, evidently.
  246. On the ground(phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically.
  247. One-upmanship(noun) – the art or practice of successively outdoing (do better than) a competitor. (courtesy:wikipedia).
  248. Onus(noun) – responsibility, duty, burden.
  249. Optimism(noun) – hopefulness, confidence, positiveness.
  250. Ostensible(adjective) –  apparent, seeming, alleged/purported.
  251. Ought to(modal verb) – must, should.
  252. Outgo(noun) – money outlay, expenditure, expenses.
  253. Outlook(noun) –  viewpoint/ opinion, standpoint, prospects, expectations, future.
  254. Ovation(noun) – round of applause, clapping/cheering, praise.
  255. Overture(noun) –  move, approach, signal/proposal.
  256. Pare(verb) – reduce, diminish, decrease.
  257. Partisan(adjective) – biased, prejudiced, one-sided.
  258. Penal(adjective) – disciplinary, punitive, corrective.
  259. Pertainto (verb) – concern, relate to, be connected with.
  260. Pertainto (verb) – concern, relate to, be connected with.
  261. Pivotal(adjective) – central, crucial, vital, critical.
  262. Play to the gallery(idiom) – instead of doing his/her job, is keen on winning popularity. (courtesy: the hindu).
  263. Poise(noun) – balance, equilibrium; assurance.
  264. Polarisation(noun) – two contrasting groups (by division).
  265. Portal(noun) – gateway, entrance, opening.
  266. Portend(verb) – augur/foretell; indicate, signal.
  267. Potent(adjective) – powerful, strong, effective.
  268. Pragmatic(adjective) – empirical, realistic/actual, practical.
  269. Precursor(noun) – sign, signal, indication.
  270. Predecessor(noun) – forerunner, precursor, antecedent.
  271. Prejudicially(adverb) – detrimentally/harmfully, disadvantageously, unfavourably.
  272. Presumably(adverb) – probably, in all likelihood, undoubtedly.
  273. Prevailover (verb) – win through, triumph,, succeed.
  274. Prevailing(adjective) – existing, present, current.
  275. Privilege(noun) – (birth)right, prerogative, entitlement/advantage.
  276. Produce(noun) – agricultural products, food, foodstuff.
  277. Propaganda(noun) – information, promotion, publicity.
  278. Prospects(noun) – chances, opportunities, possibilities (for success).
  279. Protracted(adjective) – very long,  prolonged, extensive.
  280. Provision(noun) – term, clause, requirement.
  281. Proximate(adjective) – nearest, immediate, close.
  282. Prudent(adjective) – cautious, careful/wary, circumspect.
  283. Pull off(phrasal verb) – achieve, succeed in, accomplish.
  284. Purported(adjective) – claimed, professed/pretended; alleged.
  285. Pursue(verb) – undertake, prosecute, follow.
  286. Pursue(verb) – conduct/practise, undertake/prosecute, follow.
  287. Purview(noun) – range, scope, ambit.
  288. Purview(noun) – range, scope, ambit.
  289. Push back(against) (phrasal verb) – oppose, resist, prevent.
  290. Put forward(phrasal verb) – propose, introduce, present.
  291. Put off(phrasal verb) – postpone, defer, delay.
  292. Put something to rest(phrase) – stop doubt by resolving an issue.
  293. Quell(verb) – calm, soothe, pacify/settle.
  294. Quest(noun) – search, hunt, pursuit.
  295. Ramp up(phrasal verb) – increase something.
  296. Realm(noun) – domain, sphere, area.
  297. Rebound(noun) – recovery, increase in something (value, amount) after a decline.
  298. Recalcitrant(adjective) – uncooperative, non-compliant, confrontational.
  299. Recapitalisation(noun) – it is a type of corporate reorganization involving substantial change in a company’s capital structure, especially by replacing debt with stock.
  300. Reconciliation(noun) – reunion, appeasement, restoration of harmony.
  301. Refractory(adjective) – obstinate, stubborn, contrary, recalcitrant.
  302. Refrain(verb) – abstain/desist, withhold; stop.
  303. Refute(verb) – disprove, prove false/wrong, invalidate.
  304. Regime(noun) – system, arrangement, scheme.
  305. Reinforce(verb) – strengthen, fortify, bolster up.
  306. Reiterate(verb) – repeat, say again, restate.
  307. Relic(noun) – historical/ancient object, antique; remains.
  308. Remission(noun) – cancellation, setting aside, suspension, revocation.
  309. Remittance(noun) – payment, settlement, money.
  310. Render(verb) – furnish, give, provide.
  311. Renewable energy(noun) – energy generated from the natural resources (such as water, wind, solar energy)
  312. Report card(noun) – an evaluation (of performance).
  313. Rescind(verb) – revoke, repeal, cancel.
  314. Reston (verb) – be based on, depend on, centre/rely on.
  315. Restive(adjective) – restless, dissentious, out of control.
  316. Retain(verb) – keep, maintain, reserve.
  317. Retrieve(verb) –  restore, resolve; recover/regain.
  318. Revitalise(verb) –  re-energize, strengthen, renew.
  319. Revival(noun) – improvement, betterment; re-establishment.
  320. Rift(noun) – disagreement, dispute, conflict.
  321. Roil(us term for rile) (verb) – irritate, annoy, bother.
  322. Run down(phrasal verb) – criticize, belittle,, find fault with.
  323. Sanguine( adjective) – optimistic, positive, hopeful.
  324. Sanitation(noun) – it generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the  safe disposal of human urine and faeces (courtesy: who)
  325. Scandalise(verb) – shock, horrify, disgust/repel.
  326. Scarce(noun) – insufficient, deficient, inadequate/meagre.
  327. Scepticism(noun) – doubt, doubtfulness, lack of conviction.
  328. Scepticism(noun) – doubt, doubtfulness, lack of conviction.
  329. Scroll of honour/roll of honour (noun) – an award given to encourage, recognize, admire and honour someone’s achievement.
  330. Scrupulous(adjective) – careful, meticulous, thorough/diligent.
  331. Self-restraint(noun) – self-control, restraint, control.
  332. Semblance(noun) – appearance; resemblance; similarity (archaic).
  333. Sensitise (verb) – make sensitive, responsive to, reactive to.
  334. Set aside(phrasal verb) – put down, abandon, discard.
  335. Shore up(phrasal verb) – support, assist, buttress/strengthen.
  336. Short-sighted(adjective) – narrow-minded, unimaginative, lacking foresight.
  337. Shrank(past tense of shrink)  (verb) – get smaller, lessen, reduce.
  338. Skirt(verb) – avoid, dodge, circumvent/bypass.
  339. Slippage(noun) – shortfall, deficiency, shortage.
  340. Sovereignty(noun) – autonomy, independence, self-government/rule.
  341. Sparingly(adverb) – in small quantities; barely, economically, meagrely.
  342. Sparingly(adverb) – in small quantities; barely, economically, meagrely.
  343. Spell out(phrasal verb) – explain, make clear, elucidate/clarify.
  344. Spell(verb) – lead to/cause, result in, bring about.
  345. Spike(noun) – a sharp increase.
  346. Spiral(verb) – increase, rise rapidly, escalate.
  347. Spur(verb) – stimulate, encourage, motivate/urge.
  348. Staunch(adjective) – loyal/faithful, trusty, committed.
  349. Stay put(phrase) – remain somewhere without moving.
  350. Steely(adjective) – firm, fixed, single-minded.
  351. Stepping stone(noun) – an action/event to make progress in order to achieve a goal.
  352. Stewardship(noun) – it is a set of principles that forms the responsible planning and management of resources. Stewardship can be applied to the environment and nature, health, technology, economics and etc.
  353. Stoke(verb) – (of emotional activity) encourage, incite, increase.
  354. Strident(adjective) –(of opinions/comments) harsh, rough/loud, unpleasant.
  355. Stripof (verb) – deprive, confiscate/divest, relieve (from power/rank).
  356. Subjective(adjective) – personal, irrational, individual.
  357. Substantive(adjective) – important & meaningful.
  358. Substantive(adjective) – important & meaningful.
  359. Superintendence(noun) – an act process of supervise, manage, govern something.
  360. Suppress(verb) –  stifle, prevent/conceal, inhibit.
  361. Sympathetic(adjective) – in favour of, approving of, supportive of.
  362. Tabloid(noun) – a newspaper with a compact page (1/2) size smaller than the normal newspaper.
  363. Take root(phrase) – become established, become fixed.
  364. Takeaway(noun) – a key point/idea/fact.
  365. Tamp(verb) – compress, condense, flatten.
  366. Tap(verb) – use, utilize, draw on/exploit.
  367. Taper tantrum(noun) – it is the term used to refer us federal bank’s trimming of the amount of money it was feeding into the economy and which resulted sudden increase in its treasury.
  368. Tendentious(adjective) – contentious, disputed, debatable/arguable.
  369. Tepid(adjective) – unenthusiastic/uninterested, halfhearted, lukewarm.
  370. Territorial(adjective) – geographical, zonal, topical.
  371. The proof of the pudding is in the eating(phrase)  – someone can only say something is a success after it has been tried out or used.
  372. The fold(noun) – group, community, company.
  373. Thriving(adjective) – growing, prosperous; flourishing.
  374. Throttle(verb) – suppress, inhibit, stifle/control.
  375. Toddy(noun) –  a drink made from the sap of various palm tree species such as date palms, coconut palms & etc (sap means plant fluid).
  376. Tokenism(noun) – the policy/practice of making token (symbolic) effort for the minority unfavorably.
  377. Tone down(phrasal verb) – moderate, mitigate, modify/soften.
  378. Traction(noun) – an idea or a product gains popularity/acceptance.
  379. Trade deficit(noun) – a trade deficit (a deficit in the balance of trade) occurs when the value of a country’s imports exceeds that of its exports. It is also called a trade gap.
  380. Transcend(verb) – go beyond, rise above: surpass/conquer/outshine.
  381. Transient(adjective) – transitory, temporary, short-lived.
  382. Trappings(noun) – outward features, frills/extras, ornaments/decoration.
  383. Travesty(noun) – misrepresentation, distortion, perversion.
  384. Tumult(noun) – loud noise, racket, uproar/furore.
  385. Under a dark cloud(phrase) –  disgraced, discredited, shamed.
  386. Undermine(verb) – weaken, compromise, diminish/reduce.
  387. Underpin(verb) – support, buttress, form (a basis).
  388. Underscore(verb) – call attention to, emphasize, highlight.
  389. Undue(adjective) – excessive, extreme, immoderate.
  390. Unfruitful(adjective) – unproductive, unprofitable, barren/arid.
  391. Unrest(noun) – disruption, chaos, uproar.
  392. Unsparing(adjective) – severe, relentless, uncompromising.
  393. Unsubstantiated(adjective) – unconfirmed, unsupported, uncorroborated.
  394. Untapped(adjective) – not exploited/used; dormant/inactive, unused.
  395. Unwarranted(adjective) – indefensible, inexcusable, unapproved.
  396. Upstream(petroleum industry) (noun) – the industry which finds and produces crude oil and natural gas.
  397. Usher in(phrasal verb) – start/begin, initiate; herald/signal.
  398. Veiled(verb) – hidden, concealed/camouflaged, indirect.
  399. Voter-verifiable paper audit trail(vvpat)  – it is a method of providing feedback to voters using a ballot-less voting system. It consists of physical paper records of voter ballots as voters have cast them on an electronic voting system.
  400. Ward off(phrasal verb) – prevent, avert, oppose/resist.
  401. Waywardness(noun) –  stubbornness, wilfulness, wildness.
  402. Weigh(verb) – consider, contemplate, assess.
  403. Whip up(phrasal verb) – encourage, stimulate, excite/provoke.
  404. Whip(noun) – used to refer to something acting as a stimulus to action.
  405. Widespread(adjective) – common, general, rampant/ubiquitous.
  406. Wilderness(noun) – a position of disfavour, particularly in politics.
  407. Wish-away(phrasal verb) – to try to stop, go away, get rid of something.
  408. Wits(noun) – intelligence, astuteness, cleverness.
  409. Write-off(noun) – an elimination of a bad debt from the account.
  410. Afloat(noun) – out of debt or difficulty.
  411. Cater(verb) – service, accommodate, provide for.
  412. Eventual(adjective) – final, ultimate, end.
  413. Foot(verb) – pay, pay the bill, settle up.
  414. In principle(phrase) – generally, by and large; theoretically.
  415. Longstanding(adjective) – long-term, persistent, perennial.
  416. Non-core asset (noun)– a asset of an enterprise which is either not essential or simply no longer used in its business operations.
  417. Rationale(noun) – reason/basis; principle; motivation.
  418. Shovel(verb) – finish, consume, devour (quickly & in large quantities).
  419. Turnaround plan/strategy (noun) – a plan or strategy to stop a company’s poor performance and to recover it as financially successful. 

Source Editorials : 

  1. Proper protocol – In The Hindu   Dated : Jun 10, 2017
  2. Pragmatic step – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 12, 2017
  3. The rot in farming – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 13, 2017
  4. A shattered peace – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 14, 2017
  5. Unwise proposal – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 15, 2017
  6. Shoots take root – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 16, 2017
  7. Deep-sea dive – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 17, 2017
  8. Afghan by birth, Indian by heart – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 18, 2017
  9. Contest vs. consensus – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 19, 2017
  10. Helmut Kohl-the unifier – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 19, 2017
  11. End the violence – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 20, 2017
  12. American voyage – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 21, 2017
  13. Jailing a judge – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 22, 2017
  14. The clean-up begins – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 23, 2017
  15. A foregone conclusion – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 24, 2017
  16. Whose privilege? – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 26, 2017
  17. Being smart about Smart Cities Mission – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 26, 2017
  18. Mending the rift – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 27, 2017
  19. Warm in Washington: Modi in U.S. – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 28, 2017
  20. Pay to publish – The Hindu   Dated : Jun 29, 2017

— Disclaimer : 

To see the meaning of word by Oxford Dictionary, click on the word. Or just highlight the word to see the meaning from inbuilt dictionary.

The definitions or meanings of words above, are based on my understanding and reading and not that of Oxford dictionary.

The definitions/ meanings are tentative, a summarized out come of internet search.

This list is based on my personal experience and study.

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